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Reading

~Chinese / 中文
《盗官记》马识途
《光之帝国》金英夏 (Kim Young-ha)
《天葬:西藏的命运》王力雄
《我的西域,你的东土》王力雄

~Japanese / 日本語
「女のいない男たち」村上春樹
「色彩を持たない多崎つくると彼の巡礼の年」村上春樹
「日本の私からの手紙」大江健三郎

~English
"Notes on Democracy" Arundhati Roy

~Korean / 한국어
《소나기》 황순원

~Finished / 読み済み / 已读
《裸命》陈冠中
"River Town" Peter Hessler
"Oracle Bones" Peter Hessler
"Country Driving" Peter Hessler
「カンガルー日和」村上春樹
「こころ」夏目漱石
「火の鳥9」 手塚治虫
《呐喊》鲁迅
《娃》莫言
《朋友》余华
"Inside the Kingdom" Robert Lacey
《活着》余华
"A Room of One's Own" Virginia Woolf
「羊をめぐる冒険」村上春樹
《阿Q正传》鲁迅
《倾城之恋 》张爱玲
《茉莉香片》张爱玲
《金锁记》张爱玲
「深夜特急」(2)沢木耕太郎
「1973年のピンボール」 村上春樹
"One Foot In Eden" Ron Rash
「双子の星」宮沢賢治

[Learning Languages] Developmental Stages of Language Acquisition

I’d like to share another tip I picked up from Gabriel Wyner‘s book Fluent Forever.

There are developmental stages in language acquisition.

Basically, both children and adults pick up certain grammatical forms before others. These stages are (ostensibly) universal, and can’t be skipped.

The order of developmental stages for verbs is thus:

  1. Progressive form – “she running”
  2. Simple past – “She ran”
  3. All other forms – “She runs”; “She has been running”, etc.

To me, there are some interesting takeaways:

  • These stages seem follow the ontological order of experience: (1) what is happening right now -> (2) what just happened -> (3) increasingly abstract explanations of habituality, temporality, etc. 
  • The order in which we are usually taught grammar in textbooks is fundamentally opposed to the order of developmental stages.
  • We can learn grammar & verbs much more efficiently by following the order of developmental stages.

For example, my textbook probably wants to teach me something like this:

to run – “She runs every morning for exercise.”

However, this is too abstract for a beginner, according to the order of developmental stages. It’s virtually impossible for a beginner learner to produce the grammatical construction “she runs”.

Instead, a better way to learn this would be to see a picture of someone running, and produce the correct answer: “running.”

I’d go so far as to say even “she running” is ok in the early stages of production (i.e. speaking/writing).

Then, we could memorize an example sentence using a cloze deletion test such as “She […] away from the tiger” (with the answer.

Developmental Stages in Learning Korean

For Korean, I’ve started changing the verbs in my example sentences that are often in the dictionary (aka infinitive) form into simple past tense, and using cloze deletions to learn them. I think this makes them more concrete, and useful.

Here’s an example (with translations for readers who don’t know Korean; there’s no English on my Anki cards):

Word: 기어오르다 (v. “to crawl”)

Example sentence: 마치 거미와도 같이 벽(壁)을 기어오르다 (“to climb up the wall just like a spider”)

Cloze deletions in Anki: {{c2::마치}} {{c4::거미}}{{c3::와도 같이}} 벽(壁)을 {{c1::기어올랐어요}} ({{c1::기어오르다}})

Cloze deletion test c1: 마치 거미와도 같이 벽(壁)을 […] ([…])

Translation: “[…] up the wall just like a spider. ([…])” (the answer is “climbed” + “climb”)

This format requires me to supply the simple past tense for the verb, which fits my developmental stage for learning Korean. Also, according to research cited in Fluent Forever, testing myself is 5x more effective than simple repetition.

I hope this is helpful to some learners! 😀

[Korean] Language learning check-in

My Korean Language Journey to date

I’ve been learning Korean since fall 2013. At that time, I had just finished a one-year study program at Fudan University, in Chinese literature. I was fluent in Chinese, having learned it since 2010, and Japanese (since 2007, with a year at Kyushu University 2009-2010). I decided to learn Spanish and Korean. I started with Talk to Me in Korean Anki sentence decks and reviewed a lot of sentences. I didn’t really catch on to either Spanish or Korean; I pledged to do the Add One Challenge (back when it was free) for Korean, and then for Spanish, but I couldn’t stick to my planned routine, and I didn’t complete either one. In summer 2014 I got a job that could have actually used some strong Korean ability, but I didn’t have it. Thus, I’ve been learning Korean consistently but slowly over the last three years, and not without progress–I can read decently with a dictionary–but I feel I haven’t really worked out a method that I feel is efficient enough. Lately, I’ve been taking 1:1 in-person lessons with a (great) teacher, and exploring how I can fast-forward this process.

The “Fluent Forever” Method

I’ve been a fan of Gabriel Wyner for a while; among other things, he introduced me to using core Word Lists with Google Images Basic Version on his blog. His content has only gotten better over time, and I’m going to try every approach in his 2014 book Fluent Forever. I’ll try to cover this as I go along.

[Pokemon Go] Pokestops in My Neighborhood

This game appeared like lightning in a blue sky; it’s revolutionary, but I don’t have to tell you that. The Internet has or will. Basically, the game uses Google Maps as the “map”, and your camera to create an “augmented reality” where Pokemon appear in your surroundings.

I set out today, phone in hand, looking for Pokemon and Pokestops. (A Pokestop is a place where you can acquire goods for use in the game, like pokeballs that are used to capture Pokemon.) My immediate neighborhood turns out to be lacking in Pokemon, but the nearby California Avenue is a parade of non-stop Pokestops; the algorithm in the game often assigns Pokestops to public artworks, so the many statues and murals on the street became places to get items in the game. How cool?

Check it out:

#neighborhood #pokestop on #pokemongo

A photo posted by Kieran 齐冉 キーラン 키란 ཁི་རན كىران (@kieran_linguistics) on

#ocean #mural #pokemongo #pokestop #GOTCHA

A photo posted by Kieran 齐冉 キーラン 키란 ཁི་རན كىران (@kieran_linguistics) on

#outdoor #chess #pokemongo #pokestop #gotcha !!!

A photo posted by Kieran 齐冉 キーラン 키란 ཁི་རན كىران (@kieran_linguistics) on

#californiaavenue #fountain #pokemongo #pokestop #get

A photo posted by Kieran 齐冉 キーラン 키란 ཁི་རན كىران (@kieran_linguistics) on

#tile #fountain #pokemongo #pokestop #paloalto

A photo posted by Kieran 齐冉 キーラン 키란 ཁི་རན كىران (@kieran_linguistics) on

#junglejane #sculpture #pokemon #pokemongo #pokestop #paloalto #ポケモン #ポケモンゴー

A photo posted by Kieran 齐冉 キーラン 키란 ཁི་རན كىران (@kieran_linguistics) on

#suspended #possibilities #sculpture #pokemon #pokemongo #pokestop #paloalto #ポケモン #ポケモンゴー

A photo posted by Kieran 齐冉 キーラン 키란 ཁི་རན كىران (@kieran_linguistics) on

#go #mama #pokemon #pokemongo #pokestop #paloalto #ポケモン #ポケモンゴー

A photo posted by Kieran 齐冉 キーラン 키란 ཁི་རན كىران (@kieran_linguistics) on

#sunflowers #pokemon #pokemongo #pokestop #paloalto #ポケモン #ポケモンゴー #포켓몬 #포켓몬스타 #포켓몬고 #口袋妖怪 #покемон #البوكيمون #精灵宝可梦

A photo posted by Kieran 齐冉 キーラン 키란 ཁི་རན كىران (@kieran_linguistics) on

Playing? I don’t know how to add friends yet. I’m Team Mystic (Blue), and my screen name is SamyakSambodhi.

Hangari Bajirak Kalguksu – Korean Restaurant Review

Hi everyone,

I’m planning to return to blogging now. For a while, I’ve felt unsure what to blog about, but now I’m going to try to get some ideas out and see how it goes.

For this post, I’ll just share a picture I took of some good food.

This is Hangari Bajirak Kalgooksoo restaurant in Koreatown, Los Angeles.

  • Hangari (항아리) is spelled and pronounced hang-a-ri (not Han-ga-ri) because the first syllable comes from Chinese 缸 (gāng), meaning a jar or container for liquid. Hangari means “jar.”
  • Bajirak (바지락) means clam.
  • Kalgooksoo is nonstandard Romanization for kalguksu (칼국수). Kal means knife, and guksu means noodles, so Kalguksu means knife[-cut] noodles, akin to Chinese 刀削麵 (dāoxiāomiàn).

#항아리 #바지락칼국수 #식당 #로스앤젤레스

A photo posted by Kieran 齐冉 キーラン 키란 ཁི་རན كىران (@kieran_linguistics) on

The red part says “Hangari” and the black part says “hangari kalguksu. ”

A bowl of bajirak kalguksu (clam knife-cut noodles).

 

  • I recommend this place.
  • The kimchi were fresh, and everything was tasty.
  • I must have had +40 clams in my soup. If I went back I would order mixed seafood.

-Kieran

Mark Zuckerberg Speaking Mandarin Chinese [Full Translation]

Mark Zuckerberg made his first public appearance speaking Mandarin Chinese today at Tsinghua University in Beijing. I’ve translated the entire interview below. He tackled a broad range of issues and even fielded student questions. Enjoy!

NB: Quartz.com has an alternate translation of some of the key passages. You should be able to find a transcription of the Chinese with a Google search. If there are mistakes in my translation, please don’t hesitate to point them out!

Tsinghua University School of Economics and Management

2014 Advisory Board Meeting

Tsinghua Students’ Dialogue with Board Members [of the Advisory Board]

Tsinghua x-lab Session

2014.10.22

 

Host Wei Xiaoliang (魏小亮):

(in English) Now let’s introduce the founder of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg.

 

Mark Zuckerberg:

(in Mandarin) Hello everyone. I’m happy to be here. (applause) I’m happy to come to Beijing. I love this city. My Chinese is terrible, but today I’ll try speaking Chinese. Ok? (applause) I might need practice.

 

Host:

Mark, everyone is really surprised that you can speak Chinese. Why did you want to learn Chinese?

 

Zuckerberg:

Really interesting. (laughter) There are three reasons. Second… First, my wife is Chinese. (applause) Her family speaks Chinese and her grandmother speaks only Chinese. So, I want to communicate with them. Two years ago, Priscilla [Chan] and I decided to get married. So I told her grandmother– in Chinese. She was very surprised. (laughter)

 

Host:

Priscilla is your wife?

 

Zuckerberg:

Yeah. Second, I think it’s that I want to study Chinese culture. China is a great nation. I think learning the language helps me study the culture. So I study the language. Third, Mandarin is hard. I only speak English, but I like a challenge. (applause)

 

Host:

So, how about tonight we challenge him? I’ll speak in Chinese. How many times have you been to China?

 

Zuckerberg:

Four times. I’ve been to Beijing, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Tianjin…

 

Host:

Tianjin? Why did you go to Tianjin?

 

Zuckerberg:

When I’m in Beijing, I have to ride a fast [unclear] train. I also have to see Huo Yuanjia’s hometown. I really like this movie [the 2006 film Fearless《霍元甲》]. So I will see his hometown.

 

Host:

I see, so you’re a big fan of Huo Yuanjia, so you will go see his hometown. So which city do you like best?

 

Zuckerberg:

All of them [unclear]. Maybe I like Beijing the most. In all China… it has a lot of history.

 

Host:

So this time in China, what’s your plan?

 

Zuckerberg:

Pardon? (laughter)

 

Host:

This time in China, what’s your plan?

 

Zuckerberg:

This week I’m joining the Advisory Board of the Tsinghua University School of Economics and Management. I came to take part in the Advisory Board meeting. I think Tsinghua students are great. Facebook has more than 140 Tsinghua alumni. You are one! (indicating host) Every year, we recruit the best engineers in China. Just last week we recruited 20 Chinese students.

 

Host:

Right, just last month we recruited 20 Chinese students and soon they will come over to Facebook to work. So, could you talk about why you wanted to join the Advisory Board of the Tsinghua University School of Economics and Management?

 

Zuckerberg:

First, I have to thank Dean Qian [Yingyi 钱颖一]. Yeah, and, I’m honored to join the Advisory Board of the Tsinghua University School of Economics and Management. I’m very interested in education. In the USA, I’ve done a lot of things to support education. I wanted to take part in this committee [because it’s] a great opportunity for me to learn about and support education in China.

 

Host:

Great. Mark wants to support Chinese education. (applause) This month, you also went to quite a few different countries. What is the purpose of this trip?

 

Zuckerberg:

I’ve been to India, Indonesia, Korea, and Japan. We want to help more people use the Internet. Today, most of the world–65% or about five billion people–don’t have Internet. Some people–about 15%–don’t have a network. About 35% of people have never used a network. But most people who don’t have the Internet don’t have it because they don’t know why they [would] want to use the Internet. If you asked me–sorry, if I asked you, if you don’t have a computer, a phone, or the Internet and I asked you, “Do you want to use the Internet?” You might ask me, “Why would I want to use the Internet?” So there are lots of problems. But we need to connect the world. The Internet creates job opportunities and economic development. It’s very important.

 

Host:

Connecting the world is something Mark takes very seriously. You want to connect the world. When did you begin to want to connect the world?

 

Zuckerberg:

In 2004, I created the first version of Facebook because I wanted to connect all the students at Harvard. I have always thought there should be a product to connect the whole world, but I thought other companies [would] do it. I remember when I was a college student, every evening my friends and I would eat pizza and talk about the future. Long ago, after I created the first version [of Facebook], I told my friends, “I’m really happy we’ve helped connect students, but [there should be] a product to connect the world.” But we [were] just students. I thought another company [would] do it. I thought perhaps Google, Microsoft, or another company. They had more than ten thousand programmers and more than one hundred million users. We [were] just students. However, we’ve always believed that social media are very powerful. Other companies didn’t believe it. We’ve believed that all along, so we built one. Now, we have 1.3 billion users.

 

Host:

So in the last ten years, Mark built a truly amazing company. Mark, there are a lot of students here who want to start companies. What kind of advice to you have for them?

 

Zuckerberg:

Start a company? I think the best companies are started not because the founders want to start a company, but because the founders want to change the world. (applause) If you decide that you want to start a company, you might start to develop your first idea. You might recruit a lot of employees. But you might have lots of ideas. You don’t know which idea is the best. If your first idea is bad, then your company is bad. But, if you decide to change the world, shouldn’t you come up with many ideas? If any idea is good, then you create a company.

 

Host:

Great advice. Wait until your idea is good, then create a company. So, in the process of creating Facebook, what was the secret to your success?

 

Zuckerberg:

I think the best thing is that you can’t give up. Developing a company is hard. Most things won’t go smoothly. You will need to make difficult decisions; you will need to fire some employees.

 

Host:

Are you saying you’re going to fire me today? (laughter)

 

Zuckerberg:

So, if you don’t believe in your mission, it is easy to give up. Most entrepreneurs give up, but the best entrepreneurs don’t. So believing in your mission and not giving up are very important.

 

Host:

It’s safe to say you are one of the most successful entrepreneurs. What thoughts do you have about innovation in China?

 

Zuckerberg:

I think China has many of the world’s most innovative companies. Last night I had dinner with Lei Jun from Xiaomi. Right?

 

Host:

Yes, yes, yes.

 

Zuckerberg:

Xiaomi is a very innovative company. They are developing quickly and have lots of different products. They’re cheap. (laughter) I think Xiaomi will grow quickly. Tencent’s WeChat is also huge. Most Chinese people use WeChat or QQ. Taobao is also very innovative. Taobao creates job opportunities. I think China has many of the world’s most innovative companies.

 

Host:

So Mark really has a good feeling about innovation in our China. Speaking of China, I’m going to ask Mark a relatively difficult question. Will I get fired today? So, what’s your plan for Facebook in China? (applause) A difficult question.

 

Zuckerberg:

We’re already in China. (laughter) We help Chinese companies get more overseas customers. They use Facebook ads to find more customers. For example, Lenovo uses Facebook ads in Indonesia to sell new phones. I forgot, Lenovo’s [unclear]. Yeah, that one. In China I also see economic development. We’re very impressed. It’s amazing. So we want to help other places in the world connect to China. Like great cities, national parks… Hangzhou and Qingdao also have great pages on Facebook. We work with these cities to develop pages and share Chinese culture.

 

Host:

Great, and this difficult a question Mark answered with just one sentence. Let’s give him a round of applause. (applause) After a difficult question, let’s take it easy a bit. I’ll ask Mark some personal questions, easier questions, so he can give us some details of his [personal] life. So how about we ask you some questions about your personal life?

 

Zuckerberg:

Ok.

 

Host:

First question: what colors do you like?

 

Zuckerberg:

I can’t see red or green, because Facebook is blue. (Note: Mark is red-green colorblind.)

 

Host:

What kind of Chinese food do you like?

 

Zuckerberg:

When I’m in Beijing, I always eat Beijing street food (lit. hútóng xiǎochī), but I also like Beijing roast duck.

 

Host:

No wonder you like Beijing so much, you like Beijing street food and Beijing duck. So, outside of work, what kind of activities do you do?

 

Zuckerberg:

I have no time outside [of work]. (laughter)

 

Host:

Really?

 

Zuckerberg:

Ok, I cook with Priscilla.

 

Host:

I recall you also have a pet?

 

Zuckerberg:

We have a dog. His name is Beast. He’s a [Hungarian] sheepdog. He’s really short. I love him.

 

Host:

You also made a page for Beast.

 

Zuckerberg:

I develop Beast’s page. Beast has 2 million fans.

 

Host:

The next question is also hard. Between you and Priscilla, whose Chinese is better?

 

Zuckerberg:

In Mandarin, I can say more words, but she also speaks Cantonese. Her listening comprehension is better than mine. My listening is really bad. One day I asked her, “Why is my listening so bad?” and she told me, “Your listening is bad in English, too!”

 

Host:

Thank you so much Mark. We still have some time, so why don’t we invite one or two students to ask some questions?

 

Female student:

Should I use English or Chinese? Chinese? (asks a question in Mandarin, translated below)

 

Host:

How did you start Facebook, and…

 

Zuckerberg:

You asked me…

 

Female student:

(translates her own question into English) How did Facebook establish a competitive edge toward other social network sites and what was the biggest challenge? And the second question is at what moment did you get a leap of faith and decide to leave school and devote [yourself to] your enterprise?

 

Zuckerberg:

(in Mandarin) Second question: I was really fortunate. I never decided to leave. Harvard students can take temporary leave, so I created the first version of Facebook, and the second year it was too much to develop Facebook and go to class, so I was really fortunate in that I just took temporary leave and didn’t go to class. I’m still a Harvard student. From time to time, Harvard’s leader asks me, or tells me, “You can come back.” But now I can’t go back.

First question: the biggest challenge. Our biggest challenge perhaps was in 2012, when we needed to make Facebook a mobile company. Before, we weren’t one. In 2012, our growth was very slow, and our monetary growth was very slow, and everyone was unhappy. However, we made Facebook into a mobile company, and now we have more than one billion users using Facebook on their mobile phones.

 

Male student:

(in English) My name is Yang Zhilun, from the school of social work, and also a member of the x-lab. I’m very glad to ask a question. From the Internet and mobile Internet, we know that the progress of science and technology has greatly accelerated our human society, especially the revolution [sic]. From your perspective, what is the next big advance in technology?

 

Zuckerberg:

Very interesting. This year Facebook is ten years old.

 

Host:

Ten years? (Note: “Ten” sounds a lot like “four” in Mandarin.)

 

Zuckerberg:

So I ask, in the next ten years, what should we develop? I decided what are the next things we will develop. First, we need to connect the whole world. We need to help all people use the Internet. Second, we want to develop “artificial intelligence.”

 

Host:

(in Mandarin) Artificial intelligence.(人工智能)

 

Zuckerberg:

I don’t know [that word in Chinese]. I think ten years from now, computers will be better than humans at seeing, listening comprehension, and language, so we’ve developing that. Third, once everyone is using mobile phones, I believe the next platform is “virtual reality.” I don’t know how to say that [in Chinese] either.

 

Host:

(in Mandarin) Virtual reality. (虚拟现实)

 

Zuckerberg:

Oculus is the first product, but we want to have many products.

(End of video.)

Murakami Haruki’s new book: “The Men Without Women”  

World-renowned Japanese writer Murakami Haruki has a new book out, his first collection of short stories in nine years. The title is「女のいない男たち」or The Men Without Women, and it includes six new stories, all of which were first published in the last six months.

Last month I got my preordered copy of The Men Without Women (Japanese: Onna no inai otoko tachi) at Kinokuniya New York. It’s available for purchase online here for $24.50.

While Murakami’s novels are always published in English within a year or so of their initial publication (the next one, Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage, will come out this year), his short story collections are not usually published in English. That is, the publishers usually make their own collections, such as in the case of The Elephant Vanishes (17 stories spanning the 1980s, and published 12 years later in Japanese as「象の消滅」). The Chinese publishers seem to do the same thing. The difference is that the Chinese publishers will take a well-known story, make it the title of a collection, and publish it with a bunch of lesser-known stories. The English-language publishers seem to publish fewer, larger collections and simply don’t bother to translate and print the lesser-known stories. Thus, I surmise that this book may never come out in English as The Men Without Women. Fans who don’t read Japanese will have to wait for the next short story collection.

As for the title, I translate it as The Men Without Women rather than Men Without Women (or Men Whose Women Are Gone, etc.) because otoko tachi (rather than simply otoko) seems to refer to specific men. Indeed, in each of these six stories, the protagonist is a man without a woman. However, it is probably not a coincidence that Ernest Hemingway published a collection of ten short stories about men in 1927, called Men Without Women, and the name of that book in Japanese translation is—you guessed it—Onna no inai otoko tachi. It was translated by Ayukawa Nobuo in 1982, just when Murakami was beginning his writing career.

The Japanese Wikipedia page includes some trivia about the new book. Apparently, it is usual that it does not include a preface. The two stories “Drive My Car” and “Yesterday” were supposedly altered somehow before publication in the book, and “Drive My Car” has already been translated and published in Korean by Yang Eog-gwan (梁億寬).

Edit: The story “Sheherazade” was published in the Oct. 13 issue of The New Yorker and translated by Ted Gossen, a professor at York University in Toronto.

Below are the front and back covers of the book, with English translations of the story titles, descriptions, and dates/places of publication. All translations are mine, and thus later publications may make different choices.

 

Front cover

Onna no inai otoko tachi - Murakami Haruki (Copyright 2014)

Onna no inai otoko tachi – Murakami Haruki (Copyright 2014)

 

「女のいない男たち」

The Men Without Women

First issue April 20th, 2014

 

Murakami Haruki,

[His] short story world for the first time in nine years.

That story is

Deeper, sharper,

And exceeds expectations.

 

Bungei Shunju publication / Fixed price (JPY 1574 + tax)

 

Back cover

Onna no inai otoko tachi (Back cover) - Murakami Haruki (Copyright 2014)

Onna no inai otoko tachi (Back cover) – Murakami Haruki (Copyright 2014)

 

Six stories that intertwine and echo.

 

“Drive My Car”

Bungei Shunju Dec. 2013

Stage actor Kafuku hires Misaki, a female driver. Why did his deceased wife have to have a relationship with that man? Little by little, he began to tell Misaki.

 

“Yesterday”

Bungei Shunju Jan. 2014

What is the strange “cultural exchange” proposed by his classmate Kitaru, from Den-en-chōfu but who can speak perfect Kansai dialect? And then, 16 years passed.

 

“Independent Organ”

Bungei Shunju Mar. 2014

What did his friend, the confirmed bachelor Dr. Tokai, obtain for the first time by sacrificing his life?

 

“Scheherazade”

MONKEY Vol. 2 Spring 2014

Shut up in the “house” that is a lonely island on land, Habara is toyed with by the story that even the world finds captivating, told by the “contact person” woman after the affair.

 

“Kino”

Bungei Shunju Feb. 2014

Betrayed by his wife, Kino quit his job and opened a bar. Then at certain times, a strange presence would envelop the place.

 

“The Men Without Women”

First published here

One night after midnight, a phone call from his former lover’s husband came to deliver sad news.

Onna no inai otoko tachi - Murakami Haruki (Copyright 2014)

Onna no inai otoko tachi – Murakami Haruki (Copyright 2014)

[Video] Caminar en la nieve // Walking in the snow

Esto es un video para la #Add1Challenge. Voy a introducir el lugar donde yo vivo.

This is a video for the #Add1Challenge. I introduce the place where I live.

* With English subtitles.

** 日本語字幕付

*** 含中文简体、繁体字幕

Caminar en la nieve 

 ¿Te gusta la nieve?

Crecí en Atlanta, en el sur de los Estados Unidos, donde casi nunca nieva.

Sin embargo, recientemente hubo una tormenta de nieve allí

En ese momento, yo estaba en Nueva York, donde a menudo nieva.

Me gusta la nieve.

Me gusta ver la nieve caer.

Me gusta caminar en la nieve, y patearla.

Cuando nieva, Central Park en Nueva York es muy hermoso.

Fuera de mi ventana, puedo ver la nieve cayendo en ese momento.

¿Tiene que nieve donde usted vive?

Kieran Maynard

Kieran Maynard

Writer, translator, researcher, traveler specializing in Japanese and Chinese literature.

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